TMJ & Sleep Therapy Centre

Drinking Too Much Caffeine? 11-3

woman with coffee  The most common drug in the world, caffeine is not only a stimulant, but a mood altering drug! And yes, even though millions of people across the world drink it daily, it is a drug! Though most know that caffeine can improve performance in tasks temporarily, it can also lead to panic attacks and anxiety in large doses! According to Roland Griffiths of Johns Hopkins University and Jennie Griffiths the only reason sleep quality may not decrease is because most people have built up a tolerance to caffeine. The entirety of the effects of caffeine are unknown, but studies do show that those with certain health conditions such as primary insomnia and pregnancy. Griffith even outlines that caffeine can even reduce a baby’s birth weight and delay conception! Why use a drug that just requires you to consume more every time you take it? Moderate use may not be harmful, but at the rate people use it now it is beginning to be abused. Griffith states that those that drink caffeine drink almost 10 times the amount that is generally recommended for alertness! Caffeine may have become a part of American culture, but maybe next time forgo that Venti Cappuccino.

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Is Sleep Apnea and Obesity Related? 10-30

Fat woman from backside   Obesity is a growing issue in the U.S. As this is occurring people are reportedly sleeping less every day, leading scientists to question the relationship between sleep and obesity.  Sleep is something we NEED.  Sleep acts as a way to control the endocrine system, which secretes and controls hormones. This can alter one’s tolerance to glucose and the reaction to insulin as well as a countless other hormones. A study conducted by Bo S, Ciccone G, Durazzo M, et al. in Italy over the course of 6 years came to the conclusion that every additional hour of sleep lowered the occurrence of obesity raised by 30%. Since sleep affects the endocrine system, in a study conducted by Spiegel K, Leproult R, L’Hermite-Baleriaux M, et al it has been shown that decreased sleep has resulted in an increase in the secretion of appetite hormones, affecting food intake. In general, laboratory studies have shown a risk in obesity to be associated with less sleep.

Excessive Sleepiness 10-27

Excessive sleepiness, although not a disorder in and of itself, it is a symptom to a myriad of other sleep issues. However, the National Sleep Foundation stands to state that consistent lack of sleep can have negative long term effects in terms of overall health. Not only does it negatively impact one’s mental wellbeing, but their physical state too, as it might lead to weight gain and even cardiovascular issues. It affects one’s productivity as those that are sleep deprived are proven to have slower reaction times than those that have slept well. Sleepiness can even have worse reaction times and be more dangerous than someone with a blood alcohol level of 0.05! Mentally, this can have an affect on one’s cognitive ability as well as memory! So don’t hesitate to go to your doctor to determine the root of your excessive sleep issue to start creating a treatment plan right for you. Sleep can never be “regained”, sleep that is lost is lost forever so don’t lose any more sleep and treat this now! Visit our TMJ & Sleep Center, it is adept to provide a nonsurgical approach to treatment for a variety of sleep issues.

 

Asthma and Sleep 10-16

Did you know researchers still do not know a conclusive reason as to why those with asthma have issues during sleep? The National Sleep Foundation states that asthma symptoms may actually worsen during sleep. This is not abnormal in the sense that everyone’s breathing becomes more restricted during sleep, but those with asthma experience this to an extreme. A study conducted by G. Stores, A J Ellis, L. Wiggs, C. Crawford, and A. Thomson concluded that children with sleep apnea that experience sleep issues may also experience a decrease in class room performance and other psychological problems. Some of the nighttime symptoms those with asthma experience at night include:
-Coughing
-Wheezing
-Breathlessness
Although an issue with circadian rhythm is a primary suspect to be at cause of these issues, the true reason is inconclusive at this point. Regardless, sleep is a vital component for a healthy life and these issues seen with asthma may result in greater susceptibility to disease and even death. So even though you may thing asthma ends during the day, it may actually be farther reaching than one thinks.

Sleep Apnea in Children with ADHD Diagnosis 10-20

ADD picture   Numerous studies have found that sleep apnea is more common amongst children with ADHD. Despite the fact that these children are often energetic during the day, a misconception exists that says that sleepiness is equated to sleep apnea, but that is not always the case. The National Sleep Foundation has stated that children react differently to sleep deprivation, often speeding up instead of becoming lethargic, therefore seeming even more active. A study by Dr. Susan Shur-Fen Gau even found that proper treatment for sleep issues in children with ADHD or those that display ADHD symptoms, may actually help stop hyperactivity and attention issues. Not only do children with ADHD face sleep apnea, but they also may experience restless leg syndrome, as it is also a commonality amongst children with ADHD. So if you know your child has trouble sleeping at night, they may have issues that are hiding behind the hyperactive behavior. Don’t hesitate to visit your local sleep center to ensure that your kids have the best quality of life possible!

A few of the symptoms seen in children with sleep apnea and ADHD diagnosis include:

-behavioral problems

-poor performance in school

-trouble staying focused

-moodiness

Sleep Diagnosis? 10-9

blur crowd     Approximately 70 million Americans have undiagnosed and untreated sleeping disorders. Dentists can act as a safeguard against these sleeping disorders, once a physician has evaluated and prescribed a plan of action for the sleeping disorder. Historically sleep has been thought of as a temporary death, but in the last two centuries many advancements in our knowledge of sleep have been made. The first found recording of a sleep disorder was of snoring in 1861 by George Catalain. Catalain observed that a more upright position while sleeping would cure the snoring. These sleep discoveries developed and progressed to get where we are today.  There are over a thousand sleep centers in the U.S. alone.  The first step to treatment for a sleep disorder is to have a sleep study so a diagnosis can be made.

Sleep Patterns of Teenagers 10-6

teen sleep at his desk     Teenage sleep is a very complex and uncertain topic of research, as the physical changes that occur in adolescence are seemingly endless. Though we don’t fully understand adolescence, one observation that almost every parent can attest to is that teenagers have a different sleeping pattern. They wake up late in the morning and go to sleep late at night (or more often the next morning), yet they have this unwavering urge to not get up in the morning. There are many theories for this, some made by David Bainbridge in Teenagers: A Natural History include having melatonin secretion happen about two hours later in teenagers,possibly having an indirect effect on sleep. Other theories include the possibility that sleep could be less restful for teenagers than adults or children. Finally another is that teenagers do not realize when they are tired, so they sleep later, in turn causing overt tiredness in the morning. Regardless of its form, teenagers often do not adhere to normal sleeping patterns. However, they probably need it the most, as their bodies go through changes that affect their physical and mental state in the future. So be sure to make sure that any teenagers you know are getting the sleep they need!

Can Exercise Be Bad for You? 10-02

Too much exercise is a bad thing? That may be the case in some ultra active individuals that take athleticism to the next level. According to Dr. Kenneth H. Cooper’s Antioxidant Revolution, this dramatic increase in exercise may result in higher probability of free radicals harming the body. Free radicals are unstable oxygen molecules that try to attach to stable oxygen. Excess free radicals may cause harm to the body in the form of coronary artery disease, cancers, and more. The way to combat this increase in antioxidants, essentially antioxidants “eat” free radicals. However, free radicals can also be positive, they help fight inflammation and kill bacteria. Though there are groups of people such as the elderly and the uber athletic that especially benefit from supplementary antioxidants such as vitamin C, vitamin E, and beta carotene. But, remember that too much of anything is not advised, the body must have a balance of antioxidants and free radicals to work simultaneously to create the ideal healthy body.

Low-Carbohydrate Diet is Better Than a Low-Fat Diet? 11-10

Once again the misconception that fat is bad for you has been disproved. Recently, the NIH conducted a study that said that removing carbohydrates from your diet might actually be more effective than cutting dietary fats. Whereas higher cholesterol levels are usually associated with higher amounts of fat, a low –carbohydrate diet actually has been shown to decrease cholesterol and triglyceride levels. The study also showed that on a year long clinical trial conducted with obese people showed that on average those on the low-carbohydrate diet lost 12 pounds, 8 pounds more than those on the low-fat diet. Though there are some concerns regarding this study such as what is the defined amount that is known as too much fat. Low fat-diets are not the sole answer to all health issues, this idea was only propagated by the fact that fat has more calories than carbohydrates. In reality carbohydrates increase our insulin levels when consumed, and its continued consumption maintains insulin’s high levels. Thus, preventing the fatty acids that are stored as fat from being released like they normally do if insulin levels drop. This essentially means that too much carbohydrates can actually lead to retaining more body fat that when you consume fat. So be sure read up on your diet choices before following popular culture!

Reference: http://www.businessinsider.com/experts-eat-more-fat-2014-10?utm_content=buffer6b36f&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer

The Relationship Between Stress and Sleep 11-17

woman holding her head  It’s common sense that sleep is affected by stress, but there are several studies that have recently indicated that it may be more than stress itself, but other factors associated with stress that specifically have an effect on sleep health. In a cross study conducted by the Finnish Institute of Health, one study observed that not being able to stop thinking about work might have a more harmful effect on sleep, causing a higher probability of disturbed sleep. In fact, a study conducted in Sweden observed that long term sickness was doubled in those that experienced burnout (long term stress).  Other risk factors that can affect sleep are a lack of social support, negative life experiences, and anticipation. These factors are seen to decrease slow wave sleep in stages 3 &4 of sleep, this part of sleep is known to be a large part of the restorative part of sleep. Despite the fact that this may be obvious there is actually little proof of the relationship between sleep and stress.